Project 8: Wastewater management

Goal

This project assesses the suitability of land in the Jordan River basin for wastewater reuse, under current and future scenario conditions, taking into account health risks and water and soil pollution and degradation.

Approach

Available information, e.g. on wastewater treatment, blending, quality and availability, soil and hydro-geological properties and national standards for wastewater reuse, is synthesized for generating spatially explicit GIS-based land suitability maps for wastewater reuse. Field studies, including lysimeter experiments and groundwater management simulations (lowering or rising groundwater levels), provide input data for groundwater modeling (ModFlow) and surface water modeling (LASCAM – project 6) of water and constituent fluxes.

Current highlight results

Consolidation and geo-referencing of soil, land use, and wastewater quantity and quality data completed.

Publications

Peer reviewed journals

  • Assouline S & Ben-Hur M (submitted). Infiltration and erosion during soil surface sealing: Effects of rainfall intensity and slope angle, Soil Science Society of America Journal.
  • Assouline S & Mualem Y 2002. Infiltration during soil sealing: The effect of areal heterogeneity of soil hydraulic properties. Water Res. Research, Vol. 38, No. 12, 1286, 22–1 – 22–9, doi:10.1029/2001WR001168.
  • Assouline S & Mualem Y 2003. Effect of rainfall-induced soil seals on the soil water regime: drying interval and subsequent wetting. Transport in Porous Media, 53, 75–94.
  • Graber ER, Fine P & Levy GY (invited; in press). Soil Stabilization in Semi-Arid and Arid Land Agriculture, J Materials in Civil Engineering.
  • Hamer U & Marschner B 2005. Priming effects in different soil types after addition of fructose, alanine, oxalic acid or catechol. Soil Biol. Biochem. 37, 445–454
  • Ilani T et al. 2005. Interactions of organic compounds with wastewater dissolved organic matter: Role of hydrophohic fractions. Journal of Environmental Quality 34 (2), pp. 552–562.
  • Jueschke E & Marschner B 2005. Increase of Bacterial Activity through Effluent Irrigation in Israeli soils. Mitt. Dt. Bodenkdl. Ges. 107 (1), pp 9–10.
  • Lado M, Ben-Hur M & Assouline S (in press). Long-Term effluent irrigation effects on seal formation, infiltration and soil loss, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 69.
  • Lado M, Ben-Hur M, & Shainberg I 2004. Soil wetting and texture effects on aggregate stability, seal formation, and erosion, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68, 1992–1999.
  • Levy GJ & Mamedov AI 2002. High-Energy-Moisture-Characteristic aggregate stability as a predictor for seal formation. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 66, 1603–1609.
  • Rimmer A., Y. Salingar. 2006. Modelling precipitation-streamflow processes in Karst basin: The case of the Jordan River sources, Israel, Journal of Hydrology (in press).
  • Rimmer A., Y. Salingar, 2005. Developing a dynamic river basin model for contaminants transport in the UCJR using GIS. Final researches report submitted to BMBF-MOS Cooperation in environmental research- GLOWA. IOLR report T22/2005.

Conference abstracts

  • Jueschke E & Marschner B 2003. Effects of treated wastewater irrigation on the amount and properties of dissolved organic matter in Israeli soils – first steps of the project. 9th Nordic IHSS Symposium, 19.−21. May, Sundsval, Sweden.
  • Jueschke E & Marschner B 2005. Veränderung der mikrobiellen Aktivität in Böden unter Abwasserberegnung. Poster contribution on the annual meeting of the Deutsche Bodenkundliche Gesellschaft 2005, 03.−11. September, Marburg.
  • Jueschke E, Marschner B, Tarchitzky J & Chen Y 2004. Chemical and Biological aspects of effluent irrigation on organic soil components. XII International Meeting of IHSS Proceedings: Humic Substances and soil and water environment. July. pp198–199.
  • Marschner B, Hamer U, Jueschke E, Chen Y & Tarchitzky J 2005. Is substrate availability a major limiting factor for the degradation of soil organic matter? Poster presented at the 22. IMOG-conference, 11.−16.9.2005, Sevilla, Spain.
  • Marschner B, Jueschke E, Tarchitzky J & Chen Y 2005. Changes of organic matter in soils irrigated with reclaimed wastewater. International Conference of the Israeli Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Science, May, Rehovot, Israel.
  • Rimmer A & Salingar Y. Modelling precipitation-streamflow processes in Karst basin: The Jordan River sources. Water Engineering, fluids and irrigation (Hebrew, in press).
  • Rimmer A & Salingar Y 2006. Modelling precipitation-streamflow processes in large karst basin. EGU General Assembly, Vienna, April 2006.
  • Shaheen HQ, Jayyousi A, Shadeed S & Jarrar A 2005. Hydrograph Estimation in Semiarid Regions Using GIS supported GIUH Model. Proceedings of the ninth International Water Technology Conference IWTC March 2005, Sharm Al-Sheikh, Egypt.

Theses

  • Abdel-Kareem SS 2005. GIS-Based Hydrological Modeling of Semiarid Catchments (The Case of Faria Catchment). M.Sc. Thesis, An-Najah University (with H. Shaheen and A. Jayyousi)
  • Jueschke E (ongoing). Effects of effluent irrigation on the characteristic of dissolved organic matter and the microbial activity in Israeli soils. Ph.D. Thesis, Ruhr-University Bochum (with Bernd Marschner)
  • Shadeed S 2005. GIS-based Hydrological Modeling of Semiarid Catchment: The case of Faria Catchment. M.Sc. Thesis, An Najah University (with H. Shaheen and A. Jayyousi)
Design by noname designs.